Diabetic Retinopathy occurs when diabetes damages blood vessels inside your eye, which can lead to blurry, distorted vision and blindness.
Symptoms: Blurry, darkened or cloudy vision, seeing floaters or black lines
Risk factors include high blood pressure, smoking and high cholesterol.
Laser photocoagulation to control leaking capillaries and prevent growth of new capillaries, vitrectomy to remove cloudy vitreous and scar tissue and cryotherapy to shrink capillaries and repair the retina.
Things that help prevention are regular eye exams, diet, medications, exercise regularly, control your blood sugar and pressure and avoid alcohol and cigarettes.
This is the early stage of diabetic eye disease. Many people with diabetes have it.
One type of medication is called “anti-VEGF” medication. This helps to reduce swelling of the macula, slowing vision loss and perhaps improving vision. This drug is given by injections (shots) in the eye. Steroid medicine is another option to reduce macular swelling. This is also given as injections in the eye. Your doctor will recommend how many medication injections you will need over time.
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