Macular Degeneration (Age-Related Macular Degeneration-AMD) is the breakdown or damage of the macula, the area of the eye that allows you to see fine details clearly and perform activities such as reading and driving. AMD usually does not affect the eyes side or peripheral vision.
Words on a page look blurred, a dark or empty area appears in the center of vision or straight lines look distorted.
Rarer forms of macular degeneration can occur in younger people and can be inherited or associated with trauma, infections or systemic disease.
During an eye exam, your ophthalmologist may ask you to look at an Amsler grid. This grid helps you notice any blurry or blank spots in your field of vision. Your ophthalmologist will also look inside your eye through a special lens. He or she can see if there are changes in the retina and macula.
To help treat wet AMD, there are medications called anti-VEGF drugs. Anti-VEGF treatment helps reduce the number of abnormal blood vessels in your retina. It also slows any leaking from blood vessels. This medicine is delivered to your eye through a very slender needle. Laser surgery may also be used to treat some types of wet AMD. Your eye surgeon shines a laser light beam on the abnormal blood vessels. This reduces the number of vessels and slows their leaking. Talk with your ophthalmologist about ways to treat your AMD.
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